Electrolysis Hair Removal
Electrology is the practice of electrical hair removal to permanently remove human hair from the body. Electrolysis is the actual process of removing hair using electricity.
In electrolysis, a qualified professional called an electrologist slides a hair-thin, solid metal probe into each hair follicle without puncturing the skin (when inserted properly). Electricity is delivered to the follicle through the probe, which causes localized damage to the areas that generate hairs, either through the formation of caustic sodium hydroxide (the galvanic method), overheating (thermolysis), or both (the blend method).
Electrolysis is the only FDA recognized method for permanent hair removal, as opposed to laser treatment, which offers permanent hair reduction (up to 80%).
If you are truly looking to eliminate unwanted hair, electrolysis is for you. The caveat to this is that it is only feasible for small areas or single hairs. This is because electrolysis involves treating each hair individually, making it very time consuming, It would therefore be impractical and hugely expensive for large areas of dense hair.
What does Permanent Actually Mean?
Permanent means that once a follicle has been disabled through electrolysis then it's no longer able to produce hair in the future.
However, this doesn't mean that hair definitely won't grow back in the same treated area. Hair follicles can be activated and deactivated over time depending on a number of factors.
This means that, in theory, new follicles can activate after successful treatment with electrolysis (maybe due to a change in hormone levels) and give the illusion that the electrolysis wasn't successful.
In most cases, however, electrolysis does a very good job of permanent hair removal and is certainly the best treatment option for long term results.
Electrolysis is hair removal method that has been used for over 135 years. Unlike laser epilation, electrolysis can be used to remove 100% of the hair from an area and is effective on hair of all colors, if used at an adequate power level with proper technique. More hair may grow in certain areas that are prone to hormone-induced growth (e.g. a woman's chin and neck) based on individual hormone levels or changes therein, and one's genetic predisposition to grow new hair.
Three modalities are used in electrology: Galvanic, thermolysis, and blend. All three methods have their own merits, and one method is not better than another. The success depends on the skill of the electrologist, the type of hair being removed, the condition of the skin and the pain threshold of the client. All three methods, when properly performed, can be thorough at destroying the hair matrix cells, and leaving follicles incapable of regrowing hair.
This modality is named after Luigi Galvani and uses a person's body as an electroliyic cell. Galvanic electrolysis was first reported in medical literature in 1875 by ophthalmologist Charles Michael as a method for removing ingrown eyelashes A galvanic hair remover is essentially a positive ground power supply that delivers 0-3 milliampers through the body. The follicular probe is the cathodeof an electrolytic cell. Sodium hydroxide formed at the cathode by the process of chemical electrolysis kills the hair matrix cells. Modern galvanic hair removers automatically adjust the voltage to maintain constant current.
Another method is known as thermolysis, also called radio frequency (RF), shortwave or diathermy Thermolysis was developed in the 1920s and first reported in medical literature by Henri Bordier. A thermolytic hair remover is essentially a radio transmitter, usually with an output of about 0-8 watts at a frequency of 13.56 MHz. RF energy emanates from the probe tip to tissue within about a millimeter. Thermolysis works by heating the hair matrix cells to about 48 to 50 °C (118 to 122 °F), causing electrocoagulation.
The galvanic method and thermolysis are often combined in the blend method, developed by Arthur Hinkel in 1948, which uses both RF and direct current, combining many of the advantages of both methods.
What Causes Unwanted Hair Growth?
Hair growth is the result of heredity and hormone levels. Also, some medication temporary methods of hair removal and illnesses can stimulate hair growth. Electrolysis may be an option when hair growth is in an area of the body where it may not be desired such as on a woman's upper lip, chin, or bikini line.
How Many Electrolysis Treatments Will I Need?
Many factors influence hair growth, so you will need to return for several electrolysis visits. The total number of sessions needed to remove hair permanently from a particular area will vary from person to person. Most clients return once a week or every other week as needed. But the unwanted hair will be gone forever once the series of treatments is complete. Each treatment lasts between 15 minutes and one hour or more.
Some people have been done in less than 40 hours, some in over 700.
Electrologist skill plays the biggest part in treatment time needed. Electrolysis treatment a very serious commitment, you have to take seriously your schedule
to reach your goal
Most people require 1 to 5 hours a week in the early stages of clearing. Most then reach a stage where they have one weekly session of 30 minutes to two hours or more. In the final stages, most will only need an hour or two each month to get stragglers.